COVID-19 Industry Responses

IADC has compiled a concise list of industry responses, both onshore and offshore, to the COVID-19 coronavirus.  These responses were gathered from various companies in the drilling industry but do not represent an exhaustive list of available actions companies may choose to take in order to protect their teams of personnel.  While IADC hopes readers will find this information useful, we encourage individual companies to research and implement the most appropriate methods possible to safeguard their respective operations.

Click the links below for information for Onshore / Offshore Responses

View COVID-19 Government & Industry Resources

Onshore Responses

Prevention

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the bathroom; before eating; and after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Stay home and seek medical attention if you are sick, especially before you return to work. Advise your line manager as soon as possible. If you have symptoms of acute respiratory illness you are recommended to stay home and not to come to work until you are free of fever (100.4°F {37.8° C} or greater using an oral thermometer), signs of a fever, and any other symptoms for at least 24 hours, without the use of fever-reducing or other symptom-altering medicines (e.g. cough suppressants).
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash. If a tissue is not available, cover your cough or sneeze with your upper sleeve.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.
  • Avoid sharing personal items including clothes, towels, and bed linens.
  • Practice social distancing measures (6 ft/2m when possible).
  • Limit face to face business meetings and promote the use of telephone and video conferencing.
  • Dissuade unnecessary visitors from visiting company facilities.
  • Avoid business and social gatherings of large numbers of people.

Travel

  • Travelers who return to their home country from high-risk countries as defined by the WHO/CDC as Level 3 (see links below) should self-quarantine and contact their health care provider immediately for treatment and advice. They should remain quarantined and monitor their health for 14 days.
  • Travelers who return to their home country that develop signs and symptoms of illness (fever, cough, or difficulty breathing), should self-quarantine and contact their health care provider immediately for treatment and advice.
  • Do not travel if you are sick; travelers who are sick risk being quarantined and undergoing tests.
  • Refrain from personally traveling to any high-risk countries as defined by the CDC as Level 3.

Rig Site

  • Question all incoming personnel to determine if they have traveled from or through high-risk countries as defined by the CDC as Level 3 or have been in contact with a confirmed case of COVID-19 in the past 14 days. If so, affected personnel will be denied site access, removed from the site, and/or isolated from other personnel.
  • If severe illness onset occurs while worker is active on site: isolate, provide mask or cover breathing area, and assist with medical evacuation.
  • In the event of a confirmed case of COVID-19:
    • Notify management immediately of the confirmed case so that a determination can be made of extent of exposure.
    • Affected personnel will provide information to site supervision as to whom they have come in close contact with and which work locations they have on during the prior four days.
    • Management will notify all companies whose personnel may have been exposed while working at the rig site.
    • Deny access to individual until they are cleared to return to work by medical professionals and management.
    • Decontaminate worksite (COVID-19 can survive for several hours on porous and non-porous surfaces):
  • Management will determine if operations need to be shut down to decontaminate.
  • Ensure workers that disinfect wear proper PPE (N95 respirators, nitrile gloves, eye protection, etc.)
  • Disinfect applicable areas (offices, vehicles, equipment, etc.) utilizing water and bleach (10:1 mixture) or other disinfecting cleaners such as Lysol.
  • Use appropriate cleaners to disinfect porous surfaces (headsets) and non-porous surfaces (hand rails, desks, keyboards, door handles, etc.).
  • Allow cleaning solutions to dry in place. Disinfectant kill times typically range from 5-10 minutes.
  • Dispose of contaminated PPE / cleaning supplies in biohazard bags.
  • Thoroughly wash hands and other body parts that may have been exposed during cleaning.
  • Report all suspected cases immediately to line manager or other senior leadership.
  • Purchase an adequate stock of surgical masks and hand sanitizer.
  • Implement regular antiseptic cleaning of common surfaces i.e. handrails, door handles, switches, etc.

Useful links

World Health Organization (WHO) – COVID-19 information

Center for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) – COVID-19 information

Offshore Responses

Prevention

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the bathroom; before eating; and after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Stay home and seek medical attention if you are sick, especially before you return to work. Advise your line manager as soon as possible. If you have symptoms of acute respiratory illness you are recommended to stay home and not to come to work until you are free of fever (100.4°F {37.8° C} or greater using an oral thermometer), signs of a fever, and any other symptoms for at least 24 hours, without the use of fever-reducing or other symptom-altering medicines (e.g. cough suppressants).
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash. If a tissue is not available, cover your cough or sneeze with your upper sleeve.
    Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.
  • Avoid sharing personal items including clothes, towels, and bed linens.
  • Practice social distancing measures (6 ft/2m when possible).
  • Limit face to face business meetings and promote the use of telephone and video conferencing.
  • Dissuade unnecessary visitors from visiting company facilities.
  • Avoid business and social gatherings of large numbers of people.

Travel

  • Travelers who return to their home country from high-risk countries as defined by the WHO/CDC as Level 3 (see links below) should self-quarantine and contact their health care provider immediately for treatment and advice. They should remain quarantined monitor their health for 14 days.
  • Travelers who return to their home country that develop signs and symptoms of illness (fever, cough, or difficulty breathing), should self-quarantine and contact their health care provider immediately for treatment and advice.
  • Do not travel if you are sick; travelers who are sick risk being quarantined and undergoing tests.
  • Refrain from personally traveling to any high-risk countries as defined by the CDC as Level 3.

Rig Site

  • Advise all persons arriving onboard of COVID-19 outbreak and start scanning and recording temperatures of all arrivals. If new arrivals have signs and symptoms of illness (fever, cough, or difficulty breathing), please quarantine them and contact medical control for treatment and advice.
  • All rig sites should have approved temperature screening equipment available.
  • Question all incoming personnel to determine if they have traveled from or through high-risk countries as defined by the CDC as Level 3 or have been in contact with a confirmed case of COVID-19 in the past 14 days. If so, affected personnel will be immediately quarantined and medical control will be contacted for further instruction.
  • Report all suspected cases immediately to line manager or other senior leadership.
  • Rig Managers should liaise with clients with regards to implementation of a screening process before traveling to the rig.
  • Rig Managers should discuss medevac arrangements with clients to ensure helicopters and boats are equipped to transport infected personnel.
  • Purchase an adequate stock of surgical masks and hand sanitizer.
  • Implement regular antiseptic cleaning of common surfaces i.e. handrails, door handles, switches, etc.

Quarantine

  • Set up a quarantine area for potential cases that is:
    • A room in an isolated area i.e. either port/starboard side where the external door can be locked and not used by general foot traffic.
    • Agreed and known about by the medic/OIM/Camp Boss.
    • Managed by the medic and treated as an isolation room if the need arises. Once this happens, it should not be cleaned by the housekeeping team, the medic should be responsible for all cleaning of this room.
    • The medic should monitor the person 3 times per day coinciding with meal deliveries, deliver 3 meals per day (disposable utensils and packaging to be used), collect used utensils in a sealed bag, dispose of used food in sealed bag, and clean the room every second day ensuring used bedding is transported to the laundry in garbage bags.
    • The quarantine room is not to be used for any other purpose until the medic has declared it safe to do so.
  • Cleaning of suspected infected person’s cabin:
    • Catering Crew should wear a mask, goggles, and gloves to remove the persons bedding which should be transported to laundry in garbage bags and washed twice using hottest machine cycle with disinfectant washing soap.
    • Laundry staff should wear a mask, goggles, and gloves when handling bedding.
    • Cabin should be disinfected with hospital grade disinfectant and all surfaces wiped down.

Medevac

  • Rig Medical Personnel or Onshore Advisor should manage notification to local authorities in consultation with the authorized person before non-emergency medevac commences.
  • Person should be confined within quarantine area until medevac is ready for boarding.
  • Person should watch flight/boat briefing from quarantine area.
  • Depending on how sick the patient is, Rig Medical Personnel or Onshore Advisor guidance and the requirements of the Host Country location accepting the individual i.e. Tyvex suits, mask, goggles, gloves, etc. before leaving quarantine (note if helicopter medevac then hearing protection should be worn prior to leaving the quarantine area).

Useful links

World Health Organization (WHO) – COVID-19 information

Center for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) – COVID-19 information